Polio Type 3 Has Been Fully Eradicated, New Milestone Marked

By CodeBlue | 25 October 2019

The last case was detected in India seven years ago.

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KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 25 – The world has now been declared to be free from the type 3 polio virus, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Previously, WHO had announced that the type 2 virus had been successfully eliminated four years ago. However, the type 1 strain is still circulating in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

It has been seven years since the last case of type 3 polio was detected in northern Nigeria.

Since then, experts from the Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication, of which the WHO is a member, have watched patterns of polio cases to be certain that type 3 has been eradicated.

“Countries must strengthen routine immunisation to protect communities, ramp up routine surveillance so that we are able to detect even the slightest risk of polio re-emerging and ensure the timeliness and quality of outbreak response in the event that a case is detected,” Dr Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO’s regional director for Africa, said, according to the BBC.

“This job is not finished until wild polio virus type 1 is globally eradicated, along with concerning outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived polio virus.”

Cases of wild polio have dropped by 99% since 1988.

The declaration that type 2 had been wiped out was made in 2015, 16 years after the last case was recorded in India.

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